A boat is designed with a purpose and every part of it plays its own important role in serving that purpose. The front face or the bow, as it is called, is a streamlined front which keeps the boat travelling with the current. And this is why the bow should always face the front where the boat is headed. The end or in most common words, a stern, is a flat end of the boat which is the back, always faces away from the water movement. It keeps the boat balanced and steady.
The most popular questions that are asked most of the time with relevance to boating are, “how to anchor a boat properly”, and, “what is the major danger of anchoring a fishing boat from the stern?” another question that pops up is, “what should be avoided when anchoring?”
As, all of these questions are relevant and answering them is very important, I have decided to compile all the information I have regarding this matter. If you really want to know the major danger of anchoring a fishing boat from the stern and top tips on how to anchor a boat properly, read this complete guide.
What is the Proper Technique for Anchoring?
Before highlighting some serious dangers of anchoring a boat from its stern, let’s learn the proper way of anchoring a boat. It will help you make a perfect anchor which would streamline with the design of the boat.
A boat is designed to travel in the direction of its bow. The bow helps the boat to break the water and the waves. Whereas, the stern, or the flat end of the boat is designed to keep the bow steady, and it doesn’t help the boat to move at all. So if you ever want to anchor from this point, it might disturb the movement of your boat altogether, resulting in some serious problems.
One thing to keep in mind when anchoring a boat, is that you should always keep the bow facing towards the movement of water no matter which body of water you are in.
When Anchoring a Boat you Should:
- Choose a wide area for anchoring. A wide area will provide you with large space and easy controls. Observe your surroundings.
- The area which you choose for anchoring your boat should have sandy or muddy bottom. This will provide a secure anchor. The area should be well protected and have the right water depth which is necessary for easy anchor sinking.
- Follow the direction of the current of the water or the direction of the wind. Slowly reach the place where you want your boat to be while facing towards the flow of water current or the direction of the wind.
- When you have reached your desired position, stop the boat. Make sure that the inboard end of the anchor line is attached with the pleasure craft securely. Also make sure that the outboard end is tightly fastened to the anchor.
- Now, lower the anchor from the top of the bow or the side of the craft into the water.
- When the anchor is set in the bottom of the water, notice the length of the rope in the water or try to guess the depth of the water where anchor is placed.
- Start backing the boat away slowly in reverse down the wind or down the water current. Don’t rush the process as it needs to be done gradually.
- Let lose 7 to 10 times more line than the length of the line in the water with the anchor. Observe the wind’s strength and the size of the wave to determine the suitable slack.
- Now, tie the end of the line which you are holding to a cleat on the bow. Pull on the anchor line to ensure that it is set properly.
- After you have successfully anchored your boat, observe the surrounding area to memorize where you are positioned. Objects on shore, or buoys in water will help you to remember where you anchored your boat. Recheck with these surrounding after some time to make sure that the anchor is not dragging the boat.
- Ensure the knots on the anchor line are secure. If you have been having the problem of the knots on your line weakening or loosening up, try using splices instead of the knots.
Now that we have discussed some basic guidelines on how to set the anchor properly, let’s look at the major danger of anchoring a fishing boat from the stern and what should be avoided when anchoring.
Major Danger of Anchoring a Fishing Boat from the Stern:
As I have said it earlier, a boat is designed and constructed in a manner that lets the bow or the front end face the wind. The bow of the boat allows it to work with the hull to face less resistance. It also cuts the oncoming winds to make way for the boat to carry on its journey. The bow also moves the boat steadily towards its direction and that is why the bow should always face the front of the boat. An anchor should also be placed in the water from the top of the bow.
There are many reasons why you should never anchor a boat from its stern. Here are some possible dangers that can result by anchoring a boat from its stern.
- When you anchor a boat from its stern, the boat will be subjected to more strain as the stern will have to face the wind and water. As the water and wind already present strain and the bow is able to cut it with its pointy shape. But the stern will not be able to cut the force and the boat will become imbalanced.
- The stern’s mechanical parts are also built with the intent that when water moves from bow to the stern, the boat will move steadily. If the water moves in the opposite direction than intended, these mechanical parts will face force of the water and strong current and will be damaged.
- The rudder, the shafts and shaft logs will face more stress and it is also possible that they can get damaged.
- When the boat is anchored from the stern, there will be greater stress on the top of the body. It will also put force on the cabin and its doors. The water can flood the cabin and it can result in the overturning of the boat.
- If the appropriate adjustments are not made, the strength of the wind and current of the water can not only destabilize the boat, but in extreme conditions, it can even drown the boat.
To avoid these extreme problems with the anchoring, you must ensure that you anchor your boat properly. Always lower the anchor from the top of the bow of the boat as it will keep the boat steady and balanced. People always wonder what side of the vessel should you never anchor? Well, the stern is the only side of a vessel from which one never anchors a boat. Apart from this problem, there is another problem which anglers often face during boating that is not knowing the proper way to pass a fishing boat.
Top Tips to Anchor a Boat Properly:
Here are some top boat anchoring techniques that must be followed;
- Use a proper and suitable anchor; such as Mushroom, Plow or Danforth.
- To protect the anchor against the abrasions of sand, mud and rock, attach approximately six feet of galvanized chain to the anchor of the boat.
- Choose the area to anchor where the risk of disturbance is lowest. Make sure that the wind or water current is lowest at the place where you are going to place you anchor. Also make sure that there will not be any other boats passing by, disturbing the anchor and misbalancing the boat.
- Before placing the anchor, always observe the bottom of the water. Is it muddy or does it have stones? Always put your anchor in a place where it is sandy or muddy. Also, ensure that the bottom is not too deep neither too shallow. Observe the depth of the bottom and the distance it has from the surface of the water.
- Always calculate the right amount of anchor line properly. It is necessary to do so. You will need 7 to 10 times more anchor line than it is in water, to anchor the boat properly.
- Always put your anchor very slowly and steadily in the water. Never throw the anchor in the water as it can make the boat lunge or the anchor getting entangled.
- Use reference points and landmarks after the anchor is set and secured. It will ensure that the boat doesn’t drift away from the original place. You will be able to tell this by checking these nearby landmarks and reference points frequently.
- You are getting ready to retrieve your anchor. Where should you position your boat? Well, to retrieve the anchor, tug at the anchor line slowly while moving your boat forward. Pull the line in slow movements until the anchor is free from the bottom. Bring it up to the boat and fasten securely.
Anchoring a boat from the stern is not only dangerous to the structure and the body of the boat, it can also be fatally dangerous to the person sitting inside the boat. If a boat is anchored from its stern, it is possible that the wind and water will throw force against the stern, destroying important parts of the stern. This can result in slight damage to serious flooding of the boat. In certain occasions, the boat can turn over and if you are in deep water, your equipment drowning will be the least of your problems.
Keep in mind that anchoring a boat from its bow is a very important point which should never be ignored. You have to learn this skill before actually doing it. Even if you anchor the boat from the bow, be sure to do it slowly, or you can risk misbalancing the boat. I hope you find this information useful when you are out there in the sea fishing and enjoying! Visit Exposed Outdoors to learn more interesting fishing facts and techniques.