Fishing lures are really effective way of catching fish. Lures are basically artificial baits used as alternatives of live baits. These lures are made of different materials, and are used to fish in different kind of waters. Fishing lures are designed in many shapes, sizes, colors, in order to attract different types of fish. The purpose of these lures is to attract fish towards them in deep or running water and tempt the fish to try to eat them. When the fish tries to eat these lures, they can be caught easily inside the hook, making fishing easy for anglers.
Types Of Fishing Lures:
There are different types of fishing lures which work to catch different fishes. Not all fishing lures can be used to attract all types of fishes. Different lures work for different species and thus, having basic knowledge about these lures is very important for any angler. So, let’s discuss the most common types of fishing lures and how to use them.
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Jigs are the most common and popular fishing lure types used by anglers everywhere. These cheap fishing lures are available in various shapes and sizes and are used to catch a range of fish from pan fish, bass and pike.
Jigs are often available in vibrant colors which allows you to attract the fish in running or deep waters. The construction of these lures have three parts; lead sinker, body and hook. The body of jigs is divided between an oval or round head and body which resembles that of a small fish. This tricks the big fish in thinking it as a small live fish and helps you to catch them with accuracy and precision.
Jigs have metallic round head which help them to sink lower in the water to attract fish in deep dark waters. Around the mid, a skirt made of feather or deer hair or a plastic grub is attached. This camouflages the hooks attached with the jigs. The skirt is often scented or it has additional baits attached to it in order to attract fish better.
The head of the jig is heavy which helps to sink the jig lower in the depth of the water. There is an additional guard attached to the jig which prevents it from getting stuck in weeds underwater.
Jigs are different from other fishing lures because these are designed to “jerk” in an upward and downward motion through the water. This technique is called jigging. Jigging is best done with sensitive rods and fast action. To fish with a jugging lure, cast the jig and let it sink in the water. You will know that your jig has reached the bottom of the water when the line becomes relaxed.
When the jig has reached the bottom, start jigging (lift the rod up and immediately lower it again while retrieving the line). Doing this will attract the fish whether they be down near to the bottom or a little above. This movement mimics that of natural baits and fishes come towards jigs thinking they are actual fish. When a fish is caught in the hook, you might feel a slight or a heavy pull on the line. You must keep an eye on the line in case there is a small fish caught on the hook, which will have a faintest pull on the line.
Jigs have different varieties. Mostly jigs are used for bottom fishing as they can sink deeper and roll smoothly and slowly across the bottom surface in the water.
Plugs are also called crankbaits. These artificial baits for fishing are made of hard materials such as plastic or wood. Crankbaits are colored and shaped like baitfish and have treble hooks attached to their bottom. Crankbaits have bodies that are either made of hollow or solid plastic or wood.
There is a metal or plastic lip attached to the mouth of these baits. This lip help the plugs to dive when they are being dragged or pulled by the line inside the water. So when there is fish nearby, they will consider the plugs as a moving natural bait and will hurry towards them to catch them. Bigger lips allow plugs to make bigger dives and attract fish at a distance. Different sizes of crankbaits are used for different depths of water. Yet the plugs are often at risk of getting stuck in the weeds or other objects underwater due to their treble hooks, so they are not very suitable for deep water fishing like jigs.
Jigs can, however, be used for fishing dozens of feet down in the water. The plugs have different designs which can either make them float, dive, sink or hover. It depends on the construction and purpose with which they are made. The lips of the plugs are also adjustable for making the lure wobble easily.
To fish with plugs or crankbaits, use reel-and-stop moves, twitching the line at different speeds. Plugs are lightweight so they float in the water slowly or remain suspended. Yet when you use this movement, they will dive in the water which will resemble a natural bait and trick the fish nearby. You can adjust your moves and reeling speed to have greater efficiency with your catches.
Crankbaits have many shapes, sizes and colors. Bigger plugs are used to catch bigger fish yet often times, small plugs can also help in catching big fish. There are crankbaits available in the market which have no lips attached to their mouths. These crankbaits are used for surface fishing. Crankbaits also have rattles inside their hollow bodies which make annoying noise so that fish can become annoyed and bite aggressively on the bait.
Picture by : Storm Lures
These are the coolest looking artificial baits. Swimbaits are shaped like small fishes with hooks on top. When dragged through the water, swimming baits move like natural fish and thus are hard for fish to differentiate from natural baits. Swimming baits have bodies just like small fish, yet they are cut in small portions and attached together. The cut joints move in zigzag motion in water. These subtle movements mimic the movement of live fishes. When dragged in the water, swimbaits trick the larger fish to think they are natural fish. They are harder to differentiate for big fish as they have similar colors and bodies as small natural baits.
Swimbaits are best fishing lure for fishing in deep waters as they can easily sink in the water and attract fish down in the middle or deep in the water. To catch bigger fish, bigger swimbaits are preferable.
Swimbaits resemble to crankbaits and plugs in most of ways which is why they are harder to classify in one category of fishing lures. Yet when you retrieve these lures, their paddle tails, which are attached through a joint, moves very fast. So when the line is brought in, these lures swim very fast and are retrieved quickly.
Swimbaits are considered the best bait to catch bass. The spinner fishing lures were designed and developed to mimic the movement style of rainbow trout which are the best bass lures of all time in southern California.
Swimbaits were initially made of plastic, yet they are now available in soft rubber bodies. The upgraded design provide more control and easy maneuverability in water. Swimbaits are used by pro anglers and beginners alike, as they have the ease of being cast from anywhere. You can use the swimbaits for shore fishing or cast them from jetty.
Swimbaits can be used in a range of depths. They can be used for deep fishing or surface fishing. There is no limit to the depth you can use these fishing lures.
Some swimbaits are available in both plastic and rubber bodies and some have a mix of PVC and TPE. Soft plastic swimbaits are longer lasting in tackle box yet the rubber ones are easier to control in water. Rubber swimbaits are better for deep fishing as well.
4. Spinner Baits:
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Spinner baits are most commonly used for in waters where the noise and commotion of water is higher. These lures are often used for river fishing. Spinner baits have a small middle body, on one side of which is a metallic rolling blade is attached and on the other side, treble hooks are attached. The metallic blade spins when the spinner bait is moved or dragged through the water.
The hook of the spinner bait is covered with a bug tail or a feather skirt which hides it well. The hook is also often scented to attract the fish better.
The blades of spinner baits cause color reflection and vibration in the water, which imitate small fish like minnows. When the spinner bait is dragged in the water, it rolls very fast and displaces the water which can attract attention of fish nearby. Often this movement looks like a fish chasing another and it encourages nearby fishes to take benefit of the situation and attack. This opportunistic behavior is often seen in fish when fishing with spinner baits.
Spinner baits are a perfect fishing lure for beginners, s they are relatively inexpensive. These fishing baits also don’t require any special fishing technique such as jerking or jigging, which is why, it is very easy to fish with these.
If you are fishing in muddy or dark water, spinner baits are the best fishing lures for you. Dragging these lures just beneath the surface will cause a great ruckus and attract nearby game fish. The shining and reflective blades will create a lot of attraction too.
If you are fishing in water where there is a lot of grass, you should opt for spinners which have narrow blades and which don’t have lots of hooks. It will keep the bait from tangling inside the grass, and it will also move faster in the water so that fish can chase its natural movement.
If you are fishing in areas where there are rocks or stumps in the water, use spinner baits with larger blades. It will prevent the lure from breaking. You must also keep in mind that when selecting spinner baits, weight should always be considered. When fishing in ponds, you must select lightweight spinners. Whereas, if you are fishing in places where the fish are mostly in the depth or bottom of the water, you must opt for heavier baits so that they can sink in the water and go near the bottom.
5. Buzz Baits:
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Designed along the lines of spinner baits, buzz baits are relatively similar to function of spinner baits as well. The only difference between the two is that the buzz baits have a metallic buzzer in front of the molded middle body, instead of a roller blade. This metallic buzzer makes a lot of noise when dragged in the water.
These freshwater fish lures invite territorial behavior from big fish who then, attack the bait aggressively. Buzz baits are considered best bait for river fishing. These artificial lures are also considered the best bait for fishing in lakes. Using these fishing lures in places where there is loud noise of water, such as rivers or streams, has positive results. As these lures make loud noise when dragged through water, fish in the rivers under the surface will be easily attracted towards the rattling sound made by these lures.
If you are fishing in the deeper parts of water, where the fish is near the bottom, using just a buzz bait may not be very efficient. Buzz bait is mostly used for surface fishing and they don’t sink much in the water. You can add a sinker to the bait which will take it deep down and attract which hides near the bottom.
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Spoons are one of the oldest varieties of fishing lures. Even though they are now developed in something more functional, spoons were initially just metal or plastic spoons with the handles cut off.
They are very effective in catching big fish due to their concave shape. Due to the oval and concave shape, spoons wobble through the water and mimic the movement of an injured game fish which attracts the opportunistic behavior from bigger fish.
Nowadays, spoons are designed to have the same oval concave shape matching that of a spoon. These are metal constructed fishing lures with a hook attached to the bottom side. Due to its design, a spoon wobbles under the water which might look like an injured fish. This attracts nearby fish to attack it.
Spoons are available in bright flashy colors which help to attract fish that might be far from its position. They also move fast through water and displace the water while moving due to the hook attached to the bottom. The fast water movement also attracts fish that might be swimming a few meters away.
Spoons are available in small and bigger sizes. The bigger the curve of a spoon, the bigger the wobble it will make under water. The size of spoon you use for fishing affects the variety and size of fish you will catch. Bigger spoons are used to catch bigger fish and smaller spoons are used to catch small and medium sized fish. Yet the spoon lures often cause aggressive, feeding and territorial behavior in the fish. These fishing lures can be dragged through open sea while boat fishing or they can be equally effective when casted from a line during lake fishing.
To cast a spoon lure, most fishing experts go at least 10 feet below the targeted area and then retrieve the line fast. The fast movement of the spoon displaces water and makes lots of noise, which attracts the fish near and far. The flashy colors also play a part in attracting the fish.
One thing to keep in mind is that the spoon mustn’t be retrieved or trolled very fast or very slow in the water. Moving a spoon too fast or too slow will affect its wobbling movement and will not bring desired results.
Traditionally used fishing lures for fly fishing, flies are a favorite classic lure for most anglers. Mostly fishing lures are designed in shapes and colors of small fish. Flies are the exception. These fishing lures are designed to resemble small insects and flies.
Flies are available in many different designs, shapes and colors. Flies are mainly available in two types; dry flies and wet flies. Dry flies are made for shore fishing or trolling. They land on water surface and remain stationary to catch attention. The wet flies can sink inside the water and are used for depth fishing. Flies come in four designs; eggs, nymphs, streamers and terrestrials.
Fly fishing lures only have a skirt and a single hook. These hooks are covered with skirt which has feathers, furs or other fabricated parts which resemble and insect. These artificial insects are tied together through a thread. Tying a fly together is a very tricky work. As the knot has to be robust so that it doesn’t get untied beneath the water, the fly tying is often considered an art by anglers.
Flies are used for fly fishing. These fishing lures are not recommended for beginners as they require special technique in binding and usage. They require expertise in fishing. The anglers who use these lures for fishing really enjoy fishing with flies.
Fly fishing is used for fish that is near the surface. You can use waterproof flies which are waterproof and float on the surface to catch fish near the surface.
If you want to target fish deeper in the water, you can use subsurface flies which sink deeper in the water.
8. Plastic Baits:
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Known commonly as the soft plastic lure or plastic baits, these fishing lures are designed with the purpose to provide flexibility. Plastic baits have rubbery or soft material construction, and imitate a range of creatures. Soft plastic can be shaped like frogs, lizards, worms and minnows.
Plastic baits are a popular choice for every tackle box, as they can be used in nearly every water body where fish are present and they can be used to imitate real life baits. The colors and construction of plastic baits attract many different variety of fishes, yet these lures are most commonly used for bass fishing.
Plastic baits are cheap and easy to use. The construction is done very strategically, with the weighted hook placed inside the body of the lures, and only the head part of hook exposed. These fishing lures can be used for trolling, jigging or casting, however you like. Due to the effective design, plastic baits are used in different water environments.
When selecting plastic bait for fishing, consider the surroundings as this is very important. Select the plastic bait color and size which will fit in well with nearby natural bait and environment. In the morning and sunny days, select bright plastic baits. When fishing in cloudy weather or at night, use darker color soft plastics. After casting the lure, let it sink to the bottom. Jerk the rod a few times. If you don’t get any response, jig the line back and forth to catch attention.
Advantages Of Using Artificial Lures:
Using lures have many benefits which is why these artificial baits are very popular with anglers. The experienced anglers keep organized tackle boxes with different lures. Different types of lures are used for fishing in different environments and to catch different species of fish.
Here are some of the advantages of using artificial fishing lures;
They are a clean way of fishing. Procuring a live good fishing bait can be tricky and messy. If you catch a fish to use as live bait, you might have to wait a long time to catch them. Cutting and using the fresh water fish baits can be a messy task and there will not be a guarantee that a bigger fish will be caught with live baits as they don’t have a hook attached to them and you have to attach a hook separately with you line or live bait. This hook can detach under the water. Artificial lures have strong hooks attached in their construction which don’t detached even if the big fish pull on them.
Lures are light in weight which is why it is easier to cast them far away. You can cast lures at long distances. Live bait weigh heavy and thus, can be difficult to cast far away. Due to this reason, lures are perfect for many types of fishing such as fly fishing, shore fishing and boat fishing.
When you have a tackle box which has different lures inside it, you can easily exchange one lure for another if one is not working in weather or water conditions. If, during fishing, you realize that a lure is not working well to catch the fish, the lure can be exchanged with another that might attract and catch the nearby fish effectively.
If you are using a catch and release technique, using lure will ensure that the fish doesn’t get hurt. As lures are artificial baits, fish will not eat them and the hook will not be swallowed. When you catch the fish, you can easily detach the lure from their mouth and release them again.
Disadvantages Of Using Artificial Lures:
Lures are more expensive than live baits. You can catch live baits for fishing by yourself. It might take you more time, yet it will not cost you any money. Lures can range in price but acquiring them is costly as compared to bait.
If you use live bait, you might not need to practice trolling or jigging. The bait itself will move through the water and attract bigger fish. In case of using artificial lures, they don’t move naturally under water and mostly go limp due to their soft construction and heavyweight. So, when using artificial lures, you constantly need to move and twitch the line in the water to attract nearby fish. It can be a tricky and tiring work.
In colder waters, lures don’t work as effectively as baits. Lures also require certain tricks to be used properly. Mostly lures, such as flies can only be used by experts. Beginners can have a hard time learning the tricks and techniques of fishing with lures.
If you like to use live bait for fishing, read our guide on fishing with shrimp.
Things To Remember When Fishing With Artificial Lures:
There are certain things that should be considered regarding artificial fishing lures if you keep these basic rules in mind before fishing with artificial lures, you can get amazing fishing results. These basic guides make your fishing fun rather than a tiresome work.
When fishing in deep waters, jigs or other heavy weight lures are best. Lures which have metallic parts can sink in deeper levels and attract fish near the bottom of the water.
Fishing lures with rolling blades, or buzzers or any other characteristics that can result in displacing or making noise in water are used for trolling. You can use spin baits, spoons, buzz baits to drag on the surface of water and attract the fish which is lurking below the surface. These baits also work best when the water body has loud noise and high speed and it might be difficult to attract the fish. You can use this type of fish bait for boat fishing, trolling, river and stream fishing.
Crank baits and jerk baits can be used for surface fishing or a little below the surface. In the water where there are weeds, you must avoid using these lures. These lures should not be used for bottom fishing as well. The crank bait and jerk bait have exposed hook which can stuck in weed under the water.
For fishing in deeper water levels and in the bottom of the water, you can use lures which have skirts around their hooks. Protected hooks and lures that have top hooks are also best for fishing in deeper water levels.
The size of fishing lures matters a lot when fishing. Bigger lures are used to catch big fish and small lures are used for fishing small and medium sized fish. You should always consider which type of fish is there in the water and then use a lure which matches the variety of fish in the water.
The color of artificial fishing lures also have a lot of importance when deciding which fishing lure to use. The condition of weather and day time also matter when deciding which fishing lure to use. During day time and clear days, bright colored fishing lures should be used. When fishing in muddy water or in cloudy weather or at night, use darker fishing baits.
Not all lures can be used with same technique. This is why you need to understand and learn the basic principles of using each lure type. Start with any easy fishing lure and gradually learn every technique.
To able to understand the fishing techniques and skills, identifying the varieties of lures available for fishing is very important. Having the basic knowledge of how to fish with lure can help you catch any fish with expertise.
Fishing lures are often used on their own but some anglers combine two or three types of fishing lures to get the most out of their fishing. This way, they can attract fish better and reduce the wait time between fishing.
Spoons and spinners are often combined. Jigs and plastic baits are also used together to attract fish efficiently. Swimbaits and plastics are attached in the form of a chain and hooks are placed on strategic position to imitate a school of fish swimming by. This attracts the larger fish lurking nearby.
Learning these fishing techniques and strategies can take your fishing game up and ensure that you have fun and amazing results while fishing. Visit Exposed Outdoors to find more articles about fishing.