Deep sea fishing takes place in open waters, such as oceans and other salt water bodies. Deep sea fishing takes place approximately 30 meters below the water level. This type of fishing is generally done to catch game fish, such as sharks, tunas, sword fish, bass and marlins.
Big game fishing is highly loved by anglers because it presents certain challenges and equally great experiences and rewards. If done right, deep sea fishing can become a rewarding sport for every experienced and beginner angler.
If you are a beginner in the open ocean fishing, and want to learn some serious tips and tricks of how to fish in the ocean to take your game to the next level, read along. I have compiled this salt water fishing guide with best deep sea fishing tips for all my readers.
DEEP SEA FISHING TIPS AND TECHNIQUES:
Deep sea fishing requires lots of considerations and pre-planning, yet if you are a beginner, here are some important tips for deep sea fishing.
1. First Things First; Consider The Basics:
The first thing to do before selecting the suitable gear for fishing in the ocean is determining the waters where you are headed. Determining the water conditions will help you select suitable gear.
The salt water has a capacity to degrade any fishing gear faster than fresh water. If you have metal rod or reel, it will be more prone to rusting and deteriorating in salt water, than it will be in fresh water.
Salt water also effects the quality and performance of lures and tackle.
There are fishing gear which are specifically designed for salt water fishing. These gears can withstand the harsh conditions of the water and can be used to fish in deep sea for long period of time. You must consider getting these equipment if you are going fishing in harsh waters.
Another thing to consider before going for deep sea fishing is the type of fish you intend to catch. As mentioned earlier, the fish in deep seas are big and strong. They can present quiet big fight against the pull of a line which can have drastic effects on your fishing gear. To be able to resist the strength of the big fish in deep seas, you will require strong and powerful fishing gear.
The depth of the waters where you are going fishing also matters a lot. The reels and lines of the rods have variable extension limit which can affect the quality of fishing. This is why you need to have appropriate fishing gear to have good fishing results.
2. Get Your License:
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Perhaps the most important thing before going fishing is getting the license. A fishing license is very important no matter if you are a beginner or an experienced angler.
There are many regulations in every state to fish and to avoid any inconvenience, make sure that you have an appropriate fishing license. A fishing license allows you to fish easily without facing any legal issues.
Many states accept a standard fishing license which can be used in most places. Fishing some specific species might require you to have a special fishing license according to the type of fish you intend to catch. In any case, be sure to have a license with you when fishing.
3. Selecting The Tools And Gears For Deep Sea Fishing:
Selecting the necessary equipment is also very important when you go out for fishing in the deep sea. As any anger would know, there are some basic fishing tools which play a vital role in fishing. And then there are some additional tools which work to increase the performance and quality of fishing.
Here are the important fishing tools:
To fish in deep waters, you will need a good quality reel which can bear the weight of big game fish. In these waters, you cannot afford to bring an ultralight spin wheels as they will not have much resistance against the fight of big game fish. A best fishing reel will have minimum 10 and maximum 25 pound test line.
You can use bait casting or spinning reels, depending on the method of fishing you want to try. Just keep in mind that the reel should have enough extendable length to reach many meters under the depth where you want to fish.
The reel should also be strong to face the harsh water conditions.
Selecting a suitable rod for fishing in deep seas is a very important decision. A vital knowledge concerning the rods for fishing is that the longer rods provide larger casting distances, yet the shorter rods hold more power against the pull of big fish and thus, are stronger.
When selecting a rod for deep sea fishing, you need to consider what type of fishing you are going to do, and how will a rod effect the results of your fishing session.
There are many rods in the market which offer different power, strength and weight limit. You need to consider the type of fish you want to target and then select a suitable rod for the task. You wouldn’t want to have caught a big fish and then having to release it because your rod does not have the power to pull it up. In many cases, a stronger catch can even break the rod with strong pull. You wouldn’t want that investment going into vain just because you were careless in selecting a suitable rod.
Another important thing to keep in perspective is that all your tackle gears should complement each other. You need to match the rod power, reel size and line test according to the fish you are aiming to target. If you have a high power rod, but the other two components are weaker, you will not find any profitable results. If you have a weak fishing line, having a strong rod will not prevent it from breaking.
The lines which are used in saltwater fishing are more prone to wearing and breaking. These lines not only suffer the harsh salts in the ocean waters, they are exposed to sun and debris in the ocean which is why they can get weaker.
A best idea when using lines for deep water fishing is to select the ones which are strong and are made of high quality materials. You must also change the lines frequently in order to have good fishing experience. Obviously, when you keep using a worn out line, it might break in the middle of a catch, rendering all your efforts worthless.
There are many cheap fishing lines available in the market which claim to provide good performance. You might be tempted to buy these bargain fishing lines. But you need to be careful when buying your fishing lines, as cheaper quality fishing lines can also mean cheaper quality fishing experience.
When in salt waters, you would want to have strong fishing lines so that you can trust them to catch and hold on to a big prey without breaking apart. This is why you will need to have strong and high quality fishing lines.
There are many types of fishing lines specifically designed for different type of fishing. There are monofilament fishing lines which have been specifically used for salt water fishing for a long time. These fishing lines are the go-to fishing gear for any experienced anglers.
Recently, braided fishing lines are becoming popular with many anglers. These fishing lines have the same strength as the traditional monofilament lines, yet they are a lot thinner. The characteristic of being thinner fishing lines allow anglers to cast braided lines further away than traditional lines. These braided fishing lines also work efficiently in the salty water which is why they have been used more and more by anglers.
If you are using catch and release technique, you would not want to inflict damage on the fish. Using hooks can have significant damage to the catch whether we want it or not. While a fish is in the water, it weighs less than when it is taken out of the water. When you pull the line up and the fish is in the air while you pull your line back, the increased weight of the fish can weigh it down. This can result in the hook in the throat or mouth of fish damaging or causing stress to the fish.
To avoid such a situation, using fishing nets can be really helpful. These fishing nets can help you in catching and pulling the fish towards your vessel easily without any stress to the catch.
Another benefit of using a fishing net is that it ensures a catch. When you use a rod and reel, there is a chance that the bigger catch can escape by breaking the line. In case of a net, the catch will not be able to fight and break a line, and you can easily pull it towards your vessel.
When selecting a net of a gaff, make sure that it is made to withstand the salt water conditions. Otherwise, its performance will be effected.
Having knives while going out for fishing is as important as using salt when cooking. Fishing knives really are very important in a lot of tasks. From cutting the lines, to carving baits, and smallest and biggest tasks, fishing knives can always come in handy.
Fishing knives can be used to cut small baits, to clean fish, and to cut lines when necessary. When selecting a fishing knife for salt water, make sure that it is rust resistant so that you can have high performing fishing knife. The cover or sheath of the knife should also be considered when buying a knife. The sheath protects the knife from wind, dust and sunlight, which is why, it must also be made of high quality materials and should be able to withstand salt water conditions.
The knife should also be sharp in order to be able to cut the line or clean the fish. The knife that you use for deep sea fishing should also have strong grip and the blade should have sharp cuts to ensure easy cleaning of fish and baits. You also need to ensure that it will not erode with continuous usage in salt water.
Clippers, Pliers, Scissors:
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These tools can be used in any special conditions. It is very important to keep the clippers, scissors and pliers with you on the boat.
Ensure that all these things are water resistant and are sharp.
4. Best Gear To Use For Each Type Of Fishing:
There are many types of salt water fishing, and each requires different types of gears. The rod length and the reels for each type of salt water fishing is different dependent on the depth of water, the fish species you want to catch and many other important factors. Let’s discuss which gears are best for each type of salt water fishing:
Surf fishing is often done from the shore. In this type of fishing, you cast your bait against the swell, which makes it very important to have learned the movements of the line and the bait.
In surf fishing, the casting range matters a lot as you are standing far from the target and you need to have good throw to be able to target the area where the fish is present.
To have good results in surf fishing, you will need to have a rod longer than 12 feet in order for it to cover a wide range. As surf fishing is done from the shore, so you will need to reach deeper water levels at accurate range. A strong and long rod acts as a great tool to reach these levels.
You will also need a strong reel which will be able to hold the line when the fish is stuck on the hook. In deeper salt water fishing, mostly anglers target big game fish. These fish are strong and can put up an intense fight against the pull. To be able to catch these strong big game fish, a large salt water spinning reel will work great, as it can hold off against the fight of the big fish.
Salt water fishing in deeper levels also require long fishing lines so that your bait can actually reach in the midst of where fish is present. A long 20-25 lb. test line will ensure strength against the weight of big game fish. Fish can easily break the line with their strength, so a strong test line will ensure that your hunt doesn’t go to waste.
One advantage of surf fishing is that you don’t need to have any specialized equipment for it. You will not have to go inside the water and if done properly, you will be able to have satisfying fishing results.
Bay fishing is done in the inland areas which connect to the oceans, yet are not a part of open seas. This type of fishing is best for anglers who do not want to have great hassle to catch fish, this salt water fishing is relatively calmer and easier.
Bays have large variety of fish, as they have places for the live baits to breed and live, so big fish come to prey on these small baits.
Yet, to catch the big fish in bays, you need to have at least 7 feet long heavy action rod. Both spinning and bait caster reels work well in these waters.
You will need flexible and strong lines to catch fish in bays. A monofilament line which is around 20 lb. will be perfect for bay fishing.
Deep Sea Fishing:
There are many types of deep sea fishing but all are highly adventurous. Deep sea fishing is the real salt water fishing which is always considered by anglers when someone refers to salt water fishing.
Deep sea fishing is for the adventurous anglers who like to enjoy strong water conditions and intense challenge by fish when fishing. Deep sea fishing is also best for anglers who have experience with fishing, especially with big game fish.
In deep sea fishing, boats are generally used to reach near the spot where the fish is present. This type of deep sea fish is also filled with adrenaline rush, as you get to fight in the deep waters with the fish. It requires pre-preparation on your part in order to avoid any miss-hap.
You will need to have hire best deep sea fishing boats to reach the waters where the fish is present. If you don’t own an ocean fishing boat, you can either rent it or you can share with other anglers. An advantage of guided boats is that you get a boat captain and crew who can help you identify the spot where fish might be, and they can also provide you with helpful tricks to catch fish in the deep sea.
You will need a strong, medium action, 7 feet long fishing rod. It is also best to have multiple rods with you to tackle different fish species.
Heavy bait caster reels should be used in these conditions in order to hold and pull the big game fish easily. If you are going for big game fish in the bottom levels of water, you will need strong 50 lb. line. Otherwise you can also make do with 20 lb. monofilament line for deep sea fishing.
Flats fishing is carried out on the inshore salt waters which are shallow and calmer than the deeper levels. These waters contain smaller fish yet it can be challenging to catch fish in these waters because there isn’t a large quantity of fish present in these levels.
There are often times strong or fast fish present in flat waters as well. If you are more inclined towards flat fishing, you can use a small boat or kayaks.
The best rods to use in these waters are 6 to 7 feet long with a mid-distance casting range. Spinner and bait caster reels both work best in flats. A test line of 15 lb. will be suitable in these waters.
Pier fishing is the most relaxed type of fishing. This type of fishing is best for beginners who are just learning some techniques or elder people who use fishing as a relaxing activity.
Pier fishing is carried out near the shores where tides only come occasionally. In order to catch some fish, you need to know the timing of the possible tide coming in order to be able to have a chance at getting good quality fish.
A medium length rod of approximately 6 to 9 feet will be suitable for pier fishing. The spinning reel is best to use in pier fishing.
You will need a strong test line for pier fishing. A 20 lb. fishing line will be ideal to fish in these conditions.
You will also need catching nets to be able to catch the fish from the tide. A net will also help the anglers to bring the fish up on the level of the pier.
5.Using Lures And Baits:
Selecting lures and baits are some saltwater fishing basics which need to be carefully considered. Good fishing results really depend mainly on the hooks and baits you use for fishing. When fishing in salt water, using proper hooks and baits or lures is very important. There must be a match between the hook you use with the type of bait you use for the fishing.
The first thing to select when fishing in salt water is the type of bait and lure you will use. And then you have to select a suitable hook for your bait.
The hook must co-ordinate with the size of the bait. A hook bigger than the bait will be easily recognizable by the fish and they will become vary. This will affect your fishing experience. A hook which is smaller than the bait will not be able to bear the weight of the bait and the fish will be able to easily detach the bait from the hook. This is why, it is important to have a hook which compliments the size of the bait.
Big hooks often result in damaging the internal organs of the fish. This can kill the fish before you even release them back. So you must be careful with this act as well.
Baits For Fishing In Salt Water:
Choosing best bait for deep sea fishing in salt water needs research ahead of time. The best bait for ocean fishing are often dependent on the fish you are trying to catch. You need to consider what a specific type of fish likes to prey on, in salt waters. Determining the natural diet of the fish in the habitat you are going fishing will be helpful in selecting a suitable bait.
There are many types of live baits that anglers use for fishing in salt waters these baits include strip baits, chunk baits, swim baits and many other varieties.
Lures For Fishing In Salt Water:
Lures are used alternatively to bait. Lures provide more control and easy handling to anglers. Many anglers love to use lures.
Lures are often designed on the lines of live baits, mimicking the shapes, colors and movements of live fish, so that fish can be tricked in thinking that these are live small fish swimming by. This helps to catch the bigger fish easily.
If you also like to use artificial lures, you can consider going for spoons, jigs, or plugs. A very important consideration while using artificial lures is that you must be skilled in rod movements. You should know trolling and jigging in order to have good fishing results.
Even though artificial lures provide more control over fishing, it also needs more skill on the angler’s part. You will need to move the rod in a motion that makes the lure move in a natural order to mimic a live bait properly. If the lure is numb in the water, it will sink down, and the fish will normally ignore such a lure. The lures need to be moving in order to trick the fish that these are live fishes.
We at Exposed Outdoors have compiled a through guide for all my readers who love to fish. We have tried to highlight some important considerations which should always be well thought when you go out for fishing. Hope you enjoy this guide and remember these important points when you go on your next fishing adventure.